"Republican troups are inspected by Eamon de Valera in County Clare, ca 1918.
The army staged ambushes and surprise attacks on British soldiers
and then hid in households loyal to the Republic." Life World Library-Ireland, 1964
Michael Cullinan (1900-1967) marching before de Valera
Third in column on right. Story below is about him.
Name "Callanan" is an alias.
CONSTABLE SHOT DEAD
ANOTHER DANGEROUSLY WOUNDED
Constable Timothy Horan was shot dead and Const. Keane was dangerously wounded in an ambush at Casteldaly, near Loghrea, on Saturday.
According to the Press Association account,
Sergeant Driscoll and 4 constables from Kilchreest, were cycling on patrol
duty at noon when they were attacked in a deeply wooded district by about
Further inquiries into the ambuscade on 5
police at Castledaly, about 7 miles from Loughrea, show that about 50 men
interspersed in small groups over a distance of 40 yards on either side
of the road, took part in the affray. It appears the raiders' ammunition
became exhausted in the early stages of the attack, and hand-to-hand struggles
ensued, when an unsuccessful attempt was made to shoot Constables Dunne
and Gilmartin with their own rifles.
MEN CHARGED WITH MURDER
DUBLIN COURT MARTIAL
MR. HEALY & ACCUSEDS PRIVILEGES
Peter J. Moylan and Michael Callanan, both
of Crannagh, Loughrea, were arraigned before a Court Martial in Dublin,
charged with the murder of Const. Horan, R.I.C., in an ambush between Kilchreest
and Peterswell on October 30.
MR. HEALY AND NAMES OF WITNESSES.
Peter J. Moyland and Michael Callanan,
of Crannagh, Loughrea, pleaded not guilty when charged at Court Martial
at the City Hall, Dublin, yesterday, with the murder of Const. Timothy
Horan, R.I.C., on Oct. 30, 1920, on the Kilchreest, Peterswell road, where
a police cycle patrol was ambushed.
In this capital charge, however, they
were not given the names of the police witnesses and they could not ascertain
anything about them. What he, counsel might describe as an anonymous
document was supplied, which did not disclose the name of a single witness--and
that, Mr. Healy submitted, was not in accordance with the Army Act.
One of his clients was an American citizen,
and it would be a novelty to the people of the United States to know that
this was this was the method of trying their citizen.
COULD HAVE BEEN GOT EARLIER
A summary of evidence was taken in conformity
with the Army Act, and accused had an opportunity of cross-examining every
witness called for prosecution. The solicitor for the defence got
not only one, but three week's notice of the court martial, and he knew
the name of the military prosecutor who could have given him the information.
CASE FOR THE CROWN
STATEMENT BY COUNSEL
Opening the Crown case the Prosecutor, giving
details of the fatal ambush, said the cycle patrol of 5 policemen left
Kilchreest for Peterswell, 5 miles away in single file with 30-50 yards
between the men. At Castledaly the sergeant dismounted to read a
notice on the church door.
The sergeant dressed the constable's
wounds, and went across the fields to the house of a person who drove them
The sergeant in charge of the patrol,
in evidence, bore out the prosecuting counsel's opening statement, and
said that from the rifle and revolver fire he estimated that between 40
and 50 men were engaged in the ambush.
CASE FOR THE DEFENCE
STATEMENT BY MR. HEALY AND THE ACCUSED
Mr. Healy, opening for the defence, said that
an absolute mistake had been made so far as his clients were concerned.
Callanan lived with his aged mother about 2 miles from the scene of the
occurrence. The people who committed these outrages were as a rule
strangers to the district. It was not persons known to the police
who attacked the police.
WHY ACCUSED WERE ABSENT
Commenting on the statement of police witnesses
that accused were not found in their houses after the occurrence, Mr. Healy
said he would like to know who would remain in his house and run the risk
of reprisals. Whole countrysides, innocent or guilty, had had to
take refuge from the perils of reprisals. Counsel finally pointed
to the absence of corroboration in the evidence of identification.
EVIDENCE FOR DEFENCE
The first witness for the defence said he knew
Callanan to be a quiet, respectable, and inoffensive young man. while
on his own lands on the day in question witness saw between 50 and 70 men
coming over the mountain most of them armed with guns, rifles, and revolvers
which they pointed at him as they passed, then motioning him away.
CANVASSED AGAINST SINN FEIN
Cross-examined by the Prosecutor witness
stated that when he saw armed men it did not strike him that they were
going to do anything unlawful. he thought they might be going out
hunting. He had heard of ambush but none in that part of the country.
BEAGH, A HISTORY & HERITAGE
However, the actions of the Black and Tans did not deter the activities of the IRA in Beagh or the surrounding districts. In October the South Galway Brigade, including the Beagh Company planned and carried out an ambush in Castleday.
A patrol of RIC men left Kilchreest, cycled to Peterswell and returned along the same route a number of times each week. The active service unit was selected and consisted of about thirty men, including Pat Loughnane of Shanglish, under Tom McInerney. "On the night of October 30th they gathered in the mountains of Castledaly Church. The RIC patrol approached. There were four constables and a sergeant strung out over a couple of hundred yards. The order to halt was given before the full patrol was caught in the trap and so the casualties were lighter that they might have been. R.I.C. Const. Horan died, Const. Keane was seriously wounded. Sgt. O'Driscoll with Consts. Dunne and Kilmartin carried Keane with them and escaped along the back road to Perrse's at Roxborough. the ambushing party dispersed into the mountains.
The, by now familiar reprisals took place. Two men, Peter Moylan
and Michael Callanan were arrested and charged with the murder of Horan.
They were tried in Dublin where they were defended by Tim Healy. They
were acquitted on 31st March due to the lack of evidence against them.
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